About Murshidabad

MURSHIDABAD, the last capital city of independent Bengal is situated on the banks of the Bhagirathi and is known for its rich culture and heritage.

The region has witnessed some of the most significant events of Indian history including the erstwhile Nawabs of Bengal to the Battle of Plassey. The wealth, opportunities and significance of the region in the 1700s attracted the wealthiest merchants from across India to migrate to Murshidabad. This led to Murshidabad witnessing a confluence of cultures and giving birth to its very own, unique culture of mélange. Having contributed over 5% of the GDP of the World in the late 1700s and early 1800s, it is lost in time, today.

With Murshidabad being the wealth centre of the world, architecture, culture, art and other different tangible & intangible assets were created in the region leaving a never-to-be forgotten impact in the history of the world. The Nawabs were great patrons of art and culture. As such, the Murshidabad style of painting continues to be a hidden gem. The Sheherwali community (detailed later), during this time, built magnificent temples and palaces inspired from European and Mughal architecture which can be found in Azimganj and Jiganj. The Jain temples having Mughal architecture can only be found in this part of the world. The Kathgola palace is a living example of the grandeur of the Doogar family of Murshidabad. The Nawabs also built grand mosques, temples and palaces and the stories behind building the strucutres.


Having contributed 5% of the GDP of the world at one point in time, Murshidabad located in East India (about 200 kms from Kolkata) is famous for its culture, architecture, food and royalty.


Very easily accessible from Kolkata via a 5 hour drive, Azimganj can be accessed through rail and waterways too.

Community Living

Sheherwali, the resident Community of this region were known for their blended culture, food and entrepreneurship.


The architecture in this region was majorly influenced by the Roman and Greek styles. The significant structures of this region still adorn and maintain such influence showcasing its royalty and opulence.


Murshidabad originally called Makhsudabad in the 16th century lies on the eastern side of Bhagirathi River and was founded by the Mughal emperor Akbar. Later in the 17th century when Murshid Quli Khan became the diwan, he renamed the town after his name, as Murshidabad.

Soon, the economic growth of the city attracted the British, French, Dutch and Danish companies to come and set up factories and head offices around the city. Consequently, Murshidabad mint became the largest in Bengal and important administrative buildings, palaces, mosques and temples were built.
Murshidabad was at its peak until 1757 when the Nawab of Bengal, Siraj-ud-Daulah was defeated in the Battle of Plassey against the Britishers. Despite getting assurance from the French troupe, the Nawab was betrayed by his own commander Mir Jafar and a wealthy Jain merchant Jagat Seth who had secretly joined hands with the Britishers. The battle consolidated the Company's presence in Bengal, which later expanded to cover much of India over the next hundred years.
People from Murshidabad region were actively involved in the Swadeshi and Quit India Movement. Leaders such as Subhas Chandra Bose and Kazi Nazrul Islam were imprisoned in Berhampore, WB. It also laid the foundation of the Hindu-Muslim Unity Association in 1937.

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